What is the Nipah Virus (क्या है निपाह वायरस)

Nipah virus (NiV) infection is a zoonotic disease that causes severe disease in both animals and humans. It can also be transmitted from contaminated food and the dead body also to other humans. In some cases, this virus can be transmitted from human to human.

Zoonotic: Pertaining to a zoonosis a disease that can be transmitted from animals to people or, more specifically, a disease that normally exists in animals but that can infect humans.

Where Was The First Origin of The Nipah Virus in The World? (विश्व में सबसे पहले निपाह वायरस की उत्पत्ति कहाँ से हुई थी?)

Nipah virus infection was first recognized in a large outbreak of 265 suspected cases in peninsular Malaysia from September 1998 to April 1999. Most patients had contact with sick pigs or had been in close physical contact with Nipah-infected patients and then presented primarily with encephalitis. Fruit bats of the Pteropodidae Family, Pteropus genus are the natural hosts of this virus.

Nipah infection gets its name from the village in Malaysia where the person from whom the virus was first isolated succumbed to the disease.

How Does Nipah Spread or Get Transmitted? (निपाह कैसे फैलता है या फैलता है?)

The disease spreads through fruit bats or ‘flying foxes,‘ of the genus Pteropus, who are natural reservoir hosts of the Nipah and Hendra viruses. The virus is present in bat urine and potentially, bat faeces, saliva, and birthing fluids.

Presumably, the first incidence of Nipah virus infection occurred when pigs in Malaysian farms came in contact with the bats who had lost their habitats due to deforestation.

In Bangladesh and India, there have been reports of possible human-to-human transmission of the disease. Therefore, precautions are necessary for hospital workers in charge of taking care of the infected patients.

Symptoms of The Nipah Virus Infection (निपाह वायर ससंक्रमण के लक्षण)


Typically, the human infection presents as an encephalitic syndrome marked by: –

1. Fever

2. headache.

3. drowsiness.

4. disorientation.

5. mental confusion.

6. coma

7. potentially death.

During the outbreak in Malaysia, up to 50 percent of clinically apparent human cases died.

There is no specific treatment for this virus yet. The primary treatment for human cases is intensive supportive care. In 2018, we see the first case of Nipah in India of the Kozhikode district of Kerala. In 2018, we see the first case of Nipah virus in India of the Kozhikode district of Kerala. Approximately 17 people deaths happened in the Kerala state of India.

Vaccines and Treatments for Nipah Virus (निपाह वायरस के टीके और उपचार)

According to World Health Organisms (WHO), According to World Health Organisms (WHO), there is no vaccine and permanent treatment we find yet for Nipah virus.

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